# degree of total leverage formula

Formula for Degree of Combined Leverage (DCL) The formula used for ascertaining the Degree of Combined Leverage is: DCL = %Change in EPS / %Change in Sales = DOL * DFL. Mark Kennan is a writer based in the Kansas City area, specializing in personal finance and business topics. As stated previously, the degree of combined leverage may be calculated by multiplying the degree of operating leverage by the degree of financial leverage. Learn financial modeling and valuation in Excel the easy way, with step-by-step training. Similarly to the degree of operating leverage and the degree of financial leverage, DTL also represents the changes of two variables. Enterprise value (EV) is a measure of a company's total value, often used as a comprehensive alternative to equity market capitalization. Additional debt will also result in interest expense which will make any drop in EBIT more pronounced. Basically, the total leverage is concerned with the relationship between the firm’s sales revenue and earnings per share (EPS). Leverage results from using borrowed capital as a source of funding when investing to expand a firm's asset base and generate returns on risk capital. A higher degree of financial leverage indicates that the company has more volatile EPS. 1. EPS measures each common share's profit. Interest expense, interest income, and other non-operational revenue sources are not considered … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. SpaceRocket reported sales of \$80 million for the current fiscal year and sales of \$65 million for the previous fiscal year, a 23.08% increase. Earnings per share (EPS) is a key metric used to determine the common shareholder's portion of the company’s profit. The degree of operating leverage depends upon the amount of fixed elements in the cost structure. Another way to calculate this ratio is to multiply the degree of operating leverage with the degree of financial leverage. The degree of total leverage can also be referred to as the “degree of combined leverage” because it considers the effects of both operating leverage and financial leverageFinancial LeverageFinancial leverage refers to the amount of borrowed money used to purchase an asset with the expectation that the income from the new asset will exceed the cost of borrowing.. We can also calculate the degree of total leverage by multiplying the degree of operating leverage and the degree of financial leverage as per the formula below; From the table above, we have the following: Alternatively, we can calculate the DTL of a given sales level of 20,000 units as per the formula below: Thus, we can calculate the DTL as follow: DTL = [20,000 × (\$5 – \$2)]/ [20,000 × (\$5 – \$2) – \$10,000 – \$20,000 – (\$12,000 × (1/ (1 – 0.4))]. These factors are Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) and sales revenue for two periods or two years. You are welcome to learn a range of topics from accounting, economics, finance and more. He is passionate about keeping and making things simple and easy.