hurricane mitch damage

[7], Honduras's Social Fund for Housing estimated that 35,000 houses nationwide were destroyed with another 50,000 damaged,[6] many of which were poorly built or in flood-prone areas. 500,000 Nearly 1 million directly affected by Mitch. Francisco Morazán Department, which includes Tegucigalpa, had about 1,000 deaths, and Yoro Department had 911 fatalities. [8], On the offshore Guanaja island, waters rose about 2 m (6.6 ft) during the storm. The Choluteca River at this point flooded to six times its normal width. The most severely affected crops for domestic consumption were tomatoes, bananas, corn, other vegetables, and beans, with damaged totaling to $48 million (1998 USD, $52 million 2005 USD). In the Florida Keys, multiple buildings that had been damaged by Hurricane Georges were leveled by Mitch. Intense near-stationary rain bands over western Nicaragua on The hurricane also tied for the fourth most intense Atlantic hurricane in recorded history, but it has since dropped to seventh. Deaths were mostly from flooding and mudslides in Central America, where the slow-moving hurricane and then tropical stormdropped nearly 36 inches (900 mm) of rain. [8] The storm destroyed the primary water mains in Tegucigalpa and neighboring Comayagüela, and 23 km (14 mi) of water piping had to be repaired. [3] When Mitch still failed to turn to the north, the government of Honduras issued a hurricane warning for the remainder of their coastline. At the time, Mitch was the strongest Atlantic hurricane ever observed in the month of October, though it has since been surpassed by Hurricane Wilma of the 2005 season. Over 2,328 cases of cholera were reported, killing 34 people. [6] In the latter department, the Cangrejal River left heavy damage along its path after it flooded. the walls collapsed on Friday, October 30, causing mud flows that Mitch formed in the western Caribbean Sea on October 22, and after drifting through extremely favorable conditions, it rapidly strengthened to peak at Category 5 status, the highest possible rating on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Widespread areas experienced power outages, and about 70% of the country lost water after the storm. Mitch caused such massive and widespread damage that Honduran President Carlos Roberto Flores claimed it destroyed fifty years of progress in the country. Some buildings 350 Most of the damage was ruined crops, and cash crop exports were cut by 9.4% in 1999, largely due to the storm. [9] Montane trees likewise experienced severe damage, although they made a recovery within a year. Tree damage also occurred on nearby Roatán island, although to a much lesser degree,[10] and occurring on the eastern end. [6] Crop and agricultural damage totaled about $1 billion,[7] which would take the country years to recover. About 25 small villages were reported to have been entirely destroyed by the landslides caused by the storm. bodies were found in the same river near the town of Wiwili. Infrastructure in affected regions devastated. tried to shield the boat from Mitch by sailing south of Guanaja Island. The amount of flooding resulting from Mitch’s rains can be partially attributed to the widespread use of slash and burn agriculture in Honduras, a method where fertile forests are eliminated to make way for agriculture. Similar to the rest of Central America, Mitch's heavy rains caused mudslides and severe flooding over Guatemala. In addition, Mitch caused 11 indirect deaths when a plane crashed during the storm. They also at first offered only $2 million (1998 USD, $2.3 million 2005 USD) in aid, which came as a shock to residents, and president Carlos Roberto Flores alike. On the mainland, the hurricane dropped torrential rainfall, and m… However, two earthflows caused significant damage near Tegucigalpa. elections in 2001, and three others were killed when their helicopter Seaports also sustained minor damage, although many lost electronic equipment. The flooding led to severe losses in food crops, including 58% of the corn output, 24% of sorghum, 14% of rice, and 6% of the bean crop. Sewage systems and the electricity subsector were severely damaged, and, combined with property, damage totaled to $300 million (1998 USD, $348 million 2005 USD). [5], Due to the hurricane and the widespread destruction, the hurricane caused outbreaks of malaria, dengue, cholera, and various fever and respiratory illnesses. The 25 member committee voted in support to replace the name with "Matthew",[17] which was first used in 2004. In all, Mitch killed three people on Jamaica. Tegucigalpa Total transportation damage amounted to $300 million (1998 USD, $348 million 2005 USD). Damage to a half million homes and 750,000 people [1] When the track was more westward than expected, the NHC recommended early on October 26 for a hurricane warning to be issued for the northeastern Honduran coast, although difficulties in communications prevented their immediate implementation. country's population now homeless. Hurricane Mitch weakened to a tropical storm on the morning of 20 October, and then to a tropical depression by the evening of 31 October. The island's two fish packing plants were damaged while two main resorts were closed. A U.S. citizen was killed near Cancun in a boating accident. [5], Due to weak steering currents, Hurricane Mitch moved slowly for about a week, both offshore and while moving through Honduras. Select recovery documents and publications. [CDATA[ eventually covered an area ten miles long and five miles wide. Total agricultural and livestock damaged amounted to $154 million (1998 USD, $176 million 2005 USD). Flooding caused major damage to crops, while landslides destroyed crop land across the country. Crop damage was severe, with serious flooding occurring on 386 sq. In some areas, residents did not receive assistance until November 12, more than two weeks after Mitch's landfall. [5] Many of the dead were buried in mass graves or were cremated. Hurricane Mitch was the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since the Great Hurricane of 1780, displacing the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 as the second-deadliest on record. This resulted in diseases occurring within the coral. damage by Mitch to Honduran agricultural production will take years for The hurricane left three casualties in Panama. Total Damage and Losses (in USD) 3.7936 billion Nulla facilisi. In the immediate aftermath, the United States provided $875,000 in aid. [5], Then-president Carlos Roberto Flores estimated that Mitch reversed 50 years of progress in the country. All trees lost their leaves on the island,[11] and 70% of conifer trees were knocked down. Mitch moved to the northeast, making landfall on the Yucatán Peninsula near Campeche on November 4. [7] This left up to 1.5 million people homeless – about 20% of the total population[8] – and was the highest number of victims from any natural disaster in Honduras's history. As with Housing Destroyed/Damaged Not specified There were deaths in every department, however. miles (300 km²) of crop lands, causing damage to both export and domestic crops. [6] This washed away large areas of topsoil, which would take a long period of time to recover. “Hurricane Mitch affected the poorest families in Jinotega Department, worsening family economies. fall. Hurricane Mitch was one of the deadliest and most powerful hurricanes observed on record, with maximum sustained winds of 180  mph (290  km/h). completely. Officials set up shelters that housed 285,000 people for about a month. Extensive damage to coffee The last contact from the ship was on October 27. The Fuel, Damages to the transportation and communication network totaled to $529 million (1998 USD, $671 million 2005 USD). In addition, it downed numerous trees, leaving mountainsides bare and more vulnerable to mudslides. The deepest average depth was 12.5 meters on the Ulúa River near Chinda, while the average widest length was 359 meters on the Río Lean near Arizona.

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