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It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Ficus indigo has dark, thick leaves that grow under extremely low light levels. Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. However, direct sunlight can burn ficus leaves and cause them to fall off. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. Although ficus trees, also known as figs, are small, tough trees, many are discarded because a ficus can appear to fall apart soon after it comes to a new environment, according to FicusTree.com. Small and eventually large branches die. Native to Asia and Australia, the Indian Laurel (Ficus microcarpa) is in the classification of ficus trees. After emerging green, its leaves become darker to an almost glossy blue-black as they mature. The only reason to trim a ficus tree that grows outdoors is to encourage new growth or to create an attractive hedge. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Besides standard trees, ficus moniques comes in other shapes, such as bushy or topiary forms. Care guide for the Fig / Ficus Bonsai tree (Ficus Retusa / Ginseng). Also, changes to its position may cause the leaves to fall off. Soil. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. It grows erect, compact and bushy. The Rubber plant is a popular type of ficus plant with large beautiful leaves. An identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided. The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. It has a velvety smooth appearance. Another is the slow-growing ‘Snowflake’ variegated type of creeping ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. Other types of plants in the ficus genus are better suited as houseplants. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. So, if planting in a container, make sure that water drains freely from the pot. It is another popular species in cultivation and a great plant for covering walls. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. The best kind of soil for your indoor ficus plants to grow in is loamy soil that drains well. This article provides guidelines for the identification and treatment of diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental Ficus. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. The most important factors to care for your indoor ficus trees are the light, soil, and pruning. Ficus Whitefly (Singhiella simplex) (Fig Whitefly)Hosts and damage: Attacks various Ficus species (F. aurea, F. altissima, F. bengalensis, F. benjamina, F. lyrata, F. microcarpa, and F. maclellandii).Was also observed on Rhododendron (Azalea) indica.Feeding may cause yellowing of leaves, defoliation and branch dieback. Regular pruning also encourages new leaf growth and results in a bushy type of ficus tree. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. Although this indoor ficus tree enjoys bright places, you should protect it from long periods of direct sunlight. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Spots become brown and leaves fall. Indoors, you can also grow the Creeping fig up a moss pole. Ficus Monique is an erect plant with bright, shiny leaves that are crispy and hard at maturity. Ficus grown in medium light conditions prefer to be slightly root bound, but plants in high light may need to be root pruned and repotted every 2-3 years. The thin flexible trunks can also be trained to grow how you like them. The species-level diversity of Ficus in tropical forests is discussed. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. ), Grevilleas (Grevillea spp.) ), Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp. There are many types of ficus trees that make great houseplants and can also add greenery to your garden. Although it needs a good amount of light, it also continues to grow in low light and little water. Avoid overhead watering. Ficus The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. There are about 850 species of plants in the ficus genus. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. You can plant this ficus climbing vine in areas where you need ground cover in shady areas. 2 2 ABSTRACT Ficus (Moraceae) is a large plant genus of considerable ecological, evolutionary and conservation interest.This study focused on the interaction between Ficus species and the vertebrates that eat their fruit (figs), thereby acting as potential seed dispersers. Wheezing and itchy eyes can occur from frequent contact with a weeping fig. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. Indoor varieties of ficus trees are popular plants such as the Fiddle-leaf fig, rubber plant, Audrey ficus, and the Weeping fig. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. Opuntia ficus-indica* 40 Indian fig Opuntia humifusa 42 Opuntia leucotricha 44 Opuntia microdasys 46 Bunny ears or Golden bristle cactus *Not a WoNS listed species SPECIES IDENTIFICATION INDEX Field Identification Guide Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species 01. Pruning. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. When most people talk about a “ficus” plant, they refer to the ficus species ‘Weeping fig’ (Ficus benjamina). Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. Planting in a container will also help to contain its height. Twenty-seven species and two subspecies of Ficus are reported from one study site in central Africa. Identification keys and field guides to Ficus species (Life; Embryophyta ... Key to Ficus species in the Flora Zambesiaca region (Africa) website of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ... Field guides : Ficus (MORACEAE) da Mata Atlântica, BRASIL. Of these there are at least a dozen species and hundreds of varieties that are suitable for bonsai cultivation. In this article, the identification ofFicus species is based on morphological charactersincludinghabit,glandularspots,figs(location,numberandcolouratagiven stage),basalandostiolarbracts,ostioleshape,stipules,leaf shapeandvenation.A As with most types of indoor ficus trees, the Daniella ficus needs a good amount of bright light without being exposed to direct sunlight. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. The Plant List includes 2,746 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ficus.Of these 830 are accepted species names. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). Where to plant a ficus tree outdoors. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. Although plants are usually light green, older ficus leaves show the most chlorosis, a condition in which leaves become yellow because they fail to produce enough chlorophyll. However, with yearly pruning, you can keep its height much shorter. It has many spreading branches and a trunk that is rarely more than 7 inches wide. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. Wood under the bark is black. Seeds vary in size, from small to large and can include anywhere from 30 to 1,600 for each fruit. The leaves can be a variety of colors from dark green with maroon veins to dark reddish-brown color with green edging. The shape of this specimen ficus tree is why it is also referred to as a ‘lollipop.’, The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. Nearly all indoor plants from the Ficus genus require plenty of light. Ficus Monique is an erect plant with bright, shiny leaves that are crispy and hard at maturity. The fig’s flowers and fruit are inside a fleshy sac that turns from green, then becomes orange-red before finally turning purplish black. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. Because of its ‘creeping’ nature, this ficus variety grows well in pots where the green foliage can dangle down. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. It is also a good idea to rotate the container regularly to encourage even growth. Or, you can train it to grow up walls or trellises like types of ivy. Cottonwood Trees: Facts, Identification, Pictures, Problems, and More, Types of Cypress Trees: Bald Cypress, Lemon Cypress, and More (Pictures), Crape Myrtles: Trees, Dwarf Plants and Shrubs (With Pictures), Amazing Columnar Trees: The Best Tall Skinny Trees (With Pictures), Types of Ficus Trees: Outdoors and Indoors Ficus Plants (Including Pictures), 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Shrubs: 18 Different Types of Bushes to Grow in Your Yard, Lilac Bush: Facts, How to Grow It, Care Tips and More. 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